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Census of Canada, 1986

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Note: Data files accessible through these WWW pages are restricted to access by University of Toronto, Ryerson University, and York University IP addresses. Other users should contact Statistics Canada or their DLI contact as appropriate. Documentation files listed on these WWW pages are unrestricted.

Documentation
General documentation Products and services. Final edition (99-103E) [selected pages]
Census dictionary (99-101E/F) [print only]
Comparative table of Canadian census questions since Confederation
Census geography Outline of census geography for 1986
Commonly used geographic codes
Glossary of census geographic terms, English-French
Aggregate statistics
Search aggregate data tables  
Population and dwelling counts The count of persons and dwellings, at large and small levels of geography, including i.e. Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas (CMAs) and census enumeration areas, federal electoral districts, and full postal codes.
Note: These products are available in print format only for 1986.

Nation series Tables containing one or more characteristics (e.g. age by sex), at very large levels of geography, i.e. Canada, provinces and territories (I.E. aggregate, multi-variate distributions.)
Note: These products are available in print format only for 1986.

Dimensions series This series provides information on selected topics for which there has been considerable interest expressed. Publications focus on geographic areas (e.g., census metropolitan areas CMAs), subpopulations (e.g., immigrants) or a subject (e.g., occupational trends). Data presentation varies from basic summary data to detailed breakdowns and cross-tabulations. Geographic levels also vary, e.g., Canada only, Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas.
Note: These products are available in print format only for 1986.

Profile series Contain aggregate statistics in the form of the number of responses (i.e., univariate frequencies) for all variables collected on the two census questionnaires (short form or 2A, and long form or 2B), for small geographic areas (census tracts and enumeration areas.
Basic summary tabulations Approximately 60 cross-tabulations of two or more variables (i.e., multivariate distributions), for small levels of geography, enumeration area (EA) and census tract (CT).
Focus series Aggregate statistics (multi-variate cross-tabulations) at census subdivison, census tract, and enumeration area levels. These 7 tables do not correspond to the print Focus series print publications. At present, EA-level tables are available on CD-ROM only.
Microdata
Public use microdata files Microdata files contain anonymized samples of long-form (2B) responses. Geographic identification of very high levels of geography (provinces and selected CMAs) only.
Geospatial Files
Spatial Data Files Vector files, that allow mapping of census geographic areas.
Geographic Reference Files Files that provide the standard geographic coding and other references to allow appropriate use of aggregate files.
Reference maps Maps that allow identification of geographic areas identified by standard census geographic codes.
Other
Census of agriculture  

General documentation [English language]

The 1986 Census was the first mid-decade census to undertake detailed enumeration. Data on demographic, social and economic characteristics, as well as on dwellings, were collected from Canadians. The information is recorded on two data bases, the 100% data base and the 20% sample data base.

The 100% data bases includes general demographic, dwelling and household data (for example: age, sex, marital status, mother tongue and structural type of dwelling) collected from the entire population.

The 20% sample data base includes the general demographic data, detailed socio-economic data (for example: ethnic origin, labour force activity, schooling, income and dwellings information) collected from one-fifth of the population.

The range of the 1986 Census products and services differs somewhat from the 1981 Census. The major changes are:
-a 40% reduction in the number of publications;
-the replacement of the 1981 Census Summary Tapes program by the Basic Summary Cross-Tabulations;
-improvements in the Custom Tabulations Service;
-the implementation of a new Semi-Custom product line.

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Population and Dwelling Counts

The following print products should be available in any Depository Library collection in Canada.

STC cat. no.Title
 Population Series
92-101Census Divisions and Subdivisions
92-102Federal Electoral Districts
92-103Federal Electoral Districts and Census Enumeration Areas
92-104Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations
92-105Unincorporated Places
 Provinces and Territories
92-109Newfoundland
92-110 Prince Edward Island
92-111 Nova Scotia
92-112 New Brunswick
92-113 Quebec
92-114 Ontario
92-115 Manitoba
92-116 Saskatchewan
92-117 Alberta
92-118 British Columbia
92-119 Yukon
92-120 Northwest Territories

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Nation Series

The series provides national converage. Most tables include provincial and territorial data, but no subprovincial data. Some tables include comparisons to the 1981 Census data, and a few show data from earlier censuses.

Some computer-readable tables in the 1996 Nation and Dimensions series also contain 1986 data for comparison purposes. Search the census aggregate statistics for tables containing 1986 data.

The following print products should be available in any Depository Library collection in Canada.

STC cat no. Title
93-101 Age, Sex and Marital Status (100% Data)
93-102 Language: Part 1 (100% Data)
93-103 Language: Part 2 (20% Sample Data)
93-104 Dwellings and Households: Part 1 (100% Data)
93-105 Dwellings and Households: Part 2 (20% Sample Data)
93-106 Families: Part 1 (100% Data)
93-107 Families: Part 2 (20% Sample Data)
93-108 Mobility Status and Interprovincial Migration
93-109 Ethnicity, Immigration and Citizenship
93-110 Schooling and Major Field of Study
93-111 Labour Force Activity
93-112 Occuption
93-113 Industry
93-114 Total Income: Individuals
93-115 Employment Income: Individuals
93-116 Employment Income by Occupation
93-117 Family Income: Census Families
93-118 Family Income: Economic Families
93-119 Household Income: Private Households


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Dimension Series

This series provides information on selected topics for which there has been considerable interest expressed. Publications focus on geographic areas (e.g., census metropolitan areas CMAs), subpopulations (e.g., immigrants) or a subject (e.g., occupational trends). Data presentation varies from basic summary data to detailed breakdowns and cross-tabulations. Geographic levels also vary, e.g., Canada only, Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas.

The computer-readable tables in the 1996 Nation and Dimensions series also contain 1986 data for comparison purposes. Search the 1996 aggregate statistics for tables containing 1986 data.

The following print products should be available in any Depository Library collection in Canada.

STC cat. no. Table
93-151 Occupational Trends, 1961-1986
93-152 Industry Trends, 1951-1986
93-153 Language Retention and Transfer
93-154 Profile of Ethnic Groups
93-155 Profile of the Immigrant Population
93-156 Census Metropolitan Areas
93-157 Canadians and Their Occupations: A Profile

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Profile series

Content:

The profile files provide univariate frequencies for all census variables, in two files, one containing the questions asked of 100% of the population in the 2A or short form questionnaire, and the other containing the questions asked of 20% of the population, in the 2B or long form census questionnaire and weighted up to 100% population estimates. The variables are as follows:

Availability:

Profile data are available from a variety of sources, including print. The availability of data at specific geographic levels in computer-readable form is as follows:


Quickstat (17 census profile items; 568 municipal areas (SMAs))
Print: 94-101 to 94-124
Geographic level: Source product
  Census 1986 profile cd-rom
Available in Data Library
Remote access Flat character files
(Contact UT/DLS for access to data.)
Province   Short form (2A), Long form (2B)
Estat: 1986 census profile
Can be generated
Census metropolitan area (CMA)/census agglomeration (CA) X SABAL (340 census profile items; 152 CMAs/CAs)
Print: 94-127, 94-128
Can be generated
Census division (CD)/census subdivision (CSD) X Estat: 1986 census profile X
Census consolidated subdivision (CCS)     Can be generated
Urban/rural areas     Can be generated
Federal electoral district (FED)     Can be generated
Census tract (CT) X CHASS census analyzer X
Enumeration area (EA) X CHASS census analyzer X
Postal Urban Forward Sortation Area (FSA) prof86fsa.csv    

Documentation:

The following documentation files are specific to the flat character version of the profile files disseminated by the CARL/ABRC 1986 Census Consortium and Statistics Canada's Data Liberation Initiative.

Information and Data Format Census Tract Level Enumeration Area Level Census Subdivision
Codebook introduction      
Appendices      
Record Layout Short Form (TRP86A10)
Long Form (TRP86B10)
Short Form
Long Form
Short Form (SDP86A10)
Long Form (SDP86B10)
SPSS Control Commands Short Form
Long Form
Short Form
Long Form
Short Form
Long Form
SAS Control Commands Not Available Not Available Not Available
Frequencies/Descriptives Short Form
Long Form
Short Form
Long Form
Short Form
Long Form

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By C. Kaukinen, Rev. by Laine G.M. Ruus, Data Library Service, University of Toronto.
Last updated: 2010-04-29